Fabric Finishing and the related process of treatments make fabric waterproof, softer, or enhanced with dye penetration. The application of additional certain qualities to fabrics happen through physical and chemical processes after the textiles are woven.

Manufactured fabrics do not automatically possess particular characteristics. They begin as raw and rough fabrics but manageable through a process. When fabrics are not yet processed, they are often called grey goods. Fabric finishing is the general term for the process of refining textiles. This involves three basic stages which are washing and drying, stabilizing, and pressing. Additional processes to these stages include making fabrics anti-static, water repellent, or flame retardant.